Is there a risk for pregnancy if there was no contact between penis and vagina?

In order for someone to get pregnant, semen or pre-ejaculate needs to come into direct contact with the vagina. But even if someone does not ejaculate in the vagina, there is still a risk of pregnancy. If someone ejaculates on the outside of the body but still near the vagina, sperm can travel in to the vagina, putting them at risk of pregnancy.

Pre-ejaculate is something that everyone with a penis does when arousal happens. Pre ejaculate is  a clear, sticky fluid released by the penis between the beginning of arousal and ejaculation.  Some people release a small amount of pre-ejaculate; others may release quite a bit.

Although pre-ejaculate does not contain sperm when it is produced, it can pick up leftover sperm in the urethra. This means that pre-ejaculate can contain sperm when it leaves the body, creating a risk for pregnancy.  Pre-ejaculate can also transmit STIs.

The best way to reduce the risk of pregnancy is to use a form of birth control consistently and correctly. It is also important to wear a condom during all sexual contact to help reduce the risk of both pregnancy and STIs.

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