If someone is taking a birth control method, this reduces the individual’s risk of getting pregnant. Condoms are also a great barrier method to reduce the risk of getting pregnant. Condoms can be anywhere from 85-98% effective in preventing pregnancy with typical use! The reason effectiveness can be as low as 85% is because of human error. But if you are using condoms correctly and consistently, you can be up to 98% protected!
Birth control, however, does not protect against STI’s. (sexually transmitted infections)
STIs can be a very real risk for people if they are engaging in certain types of sexual contact.
It’s good to know that when it comes to STIs or STDs, there are four modes of transmission. They are…
- Sexual Fluids (Semen and Vaginal fluids)
- Skin to skin contact
- And Mother to Child (Breastmilk and Vaginal Delivery)
In order for someone to contract an STI, they would need to engage in sexual activity with a person who already has an STI in which one or more of these modes would come into play.
STIs can be transmitted through oral sex, anal sex, and vaginal sex. Many people think that oral sex poses no risk of STI transmission. But the fact is, you can get all but two STIs (except for pubic lice and Trichomoniasis) when engaging in oral sex with someone who has the infection.
Using a condom for oral sex on a penis will help drastically reduce your risk of transmitting an STI. If oral sex is being performed on the vagina or anus, a dental dam can be used to help reduce your risk also! You can pick up free condoms and dental dams at Teen Clinic.