In order for someone to get pregnant, semen needs to come into direct contact with the vagina. But even if someone does not ejaculate in the vagina, there is still a risk of pregnancy. If someone ejaculates on the outside of the body but still near the vagina, sperm can travel in to the vagina, putting them at risk of pregnancy.
If someone is having unprotected sex, but they don’t ejaculate in or near their partner, pregnancy can still be possible as well because of something called pre-cum. Pre-cum is something that everyone with a penis does when arousal happens. Pre-cum—officially called pre-ejaculate—is a clear, sticky fluid released by the penis between the beginning of arousal and ejaculation. Doctors believe that pre-ejaculate helps make the urethra and the vagina less acidic, allowing sperm to survive longer. Some people release a small amount of pre-ejaculate; others may release quite a bit.
Although pre-ejaculate does not contain sperm when it is produced, it can pick up leftover sperm in the urethra. This means that pre-ejaculate can contain sperm when it leaves the body, creating a risk for pregnancy. Pre-ejaculate can also transmit STIs.
The best way to reduce the risk of pregnancy is to use forms of birth control consistently and correctly. Most forms of birth control can be up to 99% effective when used correctly. Remember, birth control does not reduce the risk of STIs, only condoms and dental dams can.
Teen Clinic offers all different types of birth control. Call us at 303-442-5160 if you have more questions or want to make an appointment!