IUDs (Intrauterine Devices) are long term, reversible methods of birth control used to effectively prevent pregnancy. There are two types of IUDs: hormonal and non-hormonal. Hormonal IUDs work by releasing hormones to prevent ovulation (when the ovaries release an egg) and thickening the cervical mucus. The Paragard, a non-hormonal IUD, immobilizes sperm and makes it harder for them to reach the egg.
HOW IS IT USED?
An IUD is a T-shaped device that rests in the uterus. The hormonal IUDs work for up to 3- 7 years depending on the type. Paragard works up to 12 years.
HOW WELL DOES IT WORK?
IUDs are more than 99% effective for 3-12 years (depending on the IUD). IUDs do not prevent against any STIs!
WHERE CAN I GET ONE?
IUDs must be inserted by a medical provider. It’s important to visit with a medical provider to ensure an IUD is right for you.
If you are thinking about using an IUD or another birth control method, it’s important to visit with a doctor or come to Teen Clinic. Ask us an anonymous question online or call us to make an appointment for a personalized consult on choosing a birth control method.