Herpes Simplex Virus I & II are common viruses that can be sexually transmitted. Type I generally affects the mouth area so it’s not considered an STI unless it’s transmitted through unprotected oral sex. Type II is usually called “genital Herpes” because it mostly affects the genital area and is transmitted through unprotected genital contact. One in five people in the USA have genital Herpes.
Herpes is transmitted through sexual skin to skin contact. Using a condom or dental dam during sexual contact can reduce the chance of transmission.
Symptoms & Complications
Most of the time people with herpes experience little to no symptoms at all. Herpes symptoms are lesions (cold sores), or small blisters that break and leave sores that take a few days to heal. Outbreaks can occur frequently, especially when a person is first infected.
If you are experiencing symptoms or think you’ve been exposed to Herpes, it’s very important to get tested. Teen Clinic tests for Herpes by taking a swab from the lesion or blister.
Herpes is not curable but it is treatable. Antiviral medications are available to help reduce the chance of outbreaks. Outbreaks tend to occur when a person’s immune system is low. It’s very important to stay healthy and keep your immune system strong to fight off symptoms in case you become infected.
For detailed information on each infection, check of the Center for Disease Control. You can also ask us an anonymous question right on our website. If you are experiencing symptoms of an STI, think you’ve been exposed to an STI, or want to talk to a professional, call Teen Clinic to make an appointment with a qualified health care provider.